Niju Kun

Master Gichin Funakoshi believed that the most important point of Karate-do is “spiritual rather than physical matters”. He discusses both positive and negative aspects of karate, telling us Karate-do can be misused if it is misunderstood.

 

Those who want to learn karate must understand what karate really is. Then the student must learn to use the techniques and skills properly.

 

Master Funakoshi explained his original philosophy of Karate-do in the "Niju Kun" or "twenty precepts".

 

  1. Karate begins with a "Rei" (bow) and finishes with a "Rei"

  2. In karate, never attack first

  3. One who practices karate must follow the way of justice

  4. Know yourself first, then you can know others

  5. Spirit and mind is more important than technique

  6. Be ready to release your mind

  7. Misfortune comes out of idleness

  8. Don’t think that what you learn from karate can’t be used outside the dojo

  9. It will take your entire life to learn karate

  10. Put karate into your everyday living; that is how you will see its true beauty.

  11. Karate is just like hot water; if you do not give it continuous heat, it will become cold

  12. Do not think that you have to win; think, rather, that you do not have to lose

  13. Move according to your opponent

  14. In conflict you must discern the vulnerable from invulnerable points

  15. Consider your opponent’s legs and arms as you would lethal swords

  16. Be aware at all times that you have millions of potential opponents

  17. For full awareness in natural stance, you must practice ready position as a beginner

  18. Practicing kata is one thing; engaging in a real fight is another

  19. Do not forget:

      (1) Strength and weakness of power

      (2) Contraction and expansion of the body

      (3) Slowness and speed of techniques

20. Always create and devise

 

  1. Karate-do wa rei ni hajimari rei ni owaru koto a wasaru na

  2. Karate ni sente nashi

  3. Karate wa, gi no taske

  4. Mazu onore o shire, shikashite ta o shire

  5. Gijitsu yori shinjitsu

  6. Kokoro wa hanatan koto o yosu

  7. Waza wai wa ketai ni seizu

  8. Dojo nomino karate to omou na

  9. Karate-do no shugyo wa isssho de aru

  10. Ara yuru mono o karateka seyo; sokoni myomi ari

  11. Karate Wa Yu No Gotoku Taezu Netsu O Atae Zareba Motono Mizuni Kaeru

  12. Katsu kangae wa motsuna; makenu kangae wa hitsuyo

  13. Tekki ni yotte tenka seyo

  14. Tattakai wa kyo-jitsu no soju ikan ni ari

  15. Hi to no te-ashi wa ken to omoe

  16. Danshi mon o izureba hyakuman no teki ari

  17. Kamae wa shoshinsha ni atowa shizentai

  18. Kata wa tadashiku, jisen wa betsumono

  19. Chikara no kyojaku tai no shinshuku waza no kankyu

  20. Tsune ni shinen ku fu seyo

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